Adam, as the original human being, or as the archetype human (Rashid: Human Development Theory: Islamic Vs. Western Perspective, P.4) has been bestowed potentialities to acquire knowledge of how everything else in the universe functions (2:33, The Quran). Now it is unto him to utilize these potentialities and conquer/ harness all that lies in the universe.
In this universe, man is the only creature who is
given choice and discretion. He may obey the laws
of Allah Almighty or may not; this discretion isn't
given to any other creature. Man decides to disobey
Allah Almighty 's laws when his feelings and emotions
overpower him. These emotions instigate him for personal
gains as against universal good. He bypasses the laws
of Allah Almighty and starts following his own emotions.
At this stage his intellect manipulates him the ways
and means to achieve these objects. These emotions
or feelings and the intellect which guides such feelings
to achieve the objectives are given the name of Iblis
by the Quran allegorically. Because of this rebellious
nature (Taj and Lane), it was said that he was born
out of fire (7:12
The Quran) and since feelings of
human beings remain hidden, Iblis/Shaitan was also
called a Jinn (18:50,
The Holy Quran) and Jinn means one
who is hidden (Raghib). Along with the feelings or
emotions, the man is also given the discretion by
virtue of which he is capable of disobedience at the
time of his birth and these accompany him through
his life span (15:36,
A person who decides to follow the path of disobedience becomes deprived of the resultant benefits which accrue by virtue of following the laws of Allah Almighty : that is why Iblis is termed as the disappointed - the dejected or devoid. About those who follow Allah Almighty Almighty laws, the Quran says that they will not suffer any fear or sorrow (2:38, The Quran ) and Iblis will have no hold on them (15:42, The Quran).
The Quran has termed Iblis and Shaitan as the two faces of the same to the foreground. These are termed as projection, repression, fantasy, denial of reality, rationalization, intellectualization and reaction formation. All these varieties of adjustive mechanisms have the underlying roots in disappointment. And a feeling of rebellion or aggression closely follows this. In this way there is clearly a direct and deep-rooted connection between the feelings of rebellion and disappointment experienced by a person. This is also exemplified as "Iblis and Shaitan relationship".
The Quran supports the above deliberations that frustration leads to aggressiveness. When a person feels that he cannot achieve what he desires, he gets angry. If he gives vent to his anger against his own self, it results in worry, tension or depression; the last stage of which is suicide. When he uses this anger against anyone else, which/ who in his opinion is responsible for this, it is called revenge. But if he is incapable of taking revenge from the person concerned, then at times he gives vent to his feelings against unconcerned thing - which is madness. One can see the direct and deep contact between disappointment and rebellion. And this is the relationship of Iblis and Satan. In fact these are the psychological feelings of a human being. The Quran wants to establish such a social order, where chances of disappointments don't occur (39:53, The Quran), as His resources of nourishment are boundless for everything and abundant throughout the Universe (7:156, The Quran). So in the Quran ic Social Order, the feelings of Iblisiat cannot overcome anyone; particularly in respect of those who follow His laws (15:43, The Quran).
The Quran has described the results of misdeeds as the torturing fire! As the fire burns everything, so the bad deeds burn the human personality and stop its growth.
According to the Quran , life is a continuous process and has to go a long way. If life is led according to the laws given by its Creator, Allah Almighty , then its latent potentialities are developed and enable it (life) to continue progressing and going from one stage to another. But if the potentialities/capacities are not developed, it doesn't have the strength to travel or grow further and stops at one stage or point. This process of stoppage is called al-jaheem in the Quranic terminology. Life is like an ever-flowing stream, the moment it stops, it turns into a pond, then gets stagnant. Out of dust rose Adam, and out of good deeds would rise the man for the world hereafter.
How to overcome these thwarting forces? What to do? And who will think and reciprocate for the establishment of Quranic Social Order?