The Holy Quran ordains the Muslims to live a social life in the form of one compact nation, ‘Millat' or ‘Ummah'. ‘Ummah' means an ideologically united people. The Quran does not address individuals. All its injunction and laws are addressed to the Muslim ‘Ummah' as a whole. Thus it is said:
Therefore, O Jama'at-ul-Momineen! pay no heed to this question. Our objective is to make you a people with a universal outlook to be equidistant from all other peoples i.e. neither leaning towards any particular people nor estranged from another. Your responsibility is to keep a watch over the activities of other people of the world (to see that no nation is oppressing the other) and the responsibility of the Rasool (being the head of the Divinely-ordained System - 3/109, 22/78) is to watch over your activities.
The objection raised by the Jews is the outcome of a conflict between two opposite mentalities; one given to examining a disputed point objectively and the other to dealing with it subjectively. On rational grounds it is obvious that a system established for the benefit of all humanity is decidedly better than one which has narrower i.e. tribal or racial objectives. The adoption of the K'aba as the centre not of a particular people but of a Universal System constituted a concrete criterion whereby the two mentalities could be distinguished from each other. Subscribing to a Universal System rather than one based upon narrow tribal or racial affiliations and interests, is an uphill task but those who have the courage to take such a course are duly protected from the ill effects of destructive forces and provided adequate sources of nourishment » Quran Chapter 2 verse 143
It means that Muslim ‘Ummah' is equi distant from other nations of the world, neither inclined towards nor disinclined towards another. Thus Muslim Ummah is an international body. Again the Quran says:
O Jama'at-ul-Momineen, your responsibility is not only to follow Allah Almighty guidance yourselves. You are an Ummah raised for the good of all humanity. Your responsibility is to enjoin what has been recognised to be right and to forbid what is considered wrong by the Quran. If these Ahl-ul-Kitaab had believed in this way, it would surely have been better for them. Some of them have believed but most of them are deviant. » Quran Chapter 3 verse 110
♫ Sectarianism – The development of ideological difference amongst the ‘Ummah' and its division into sects is un Islamic. The Quran has declared categorically; What is this system? This is that system in which, throughout your life, every step you take should lead you towards the destination prescribed for you by the Almighty . And you should remain fully conscious of His Laws. To achieve this, establish the Nizam-us-Salat (wherein everyone follows His Laws according to one's own free will). In this obedience and following, do not include anyone else's laws or decisions. This will create uniformity of thought and action amongst yourselves and, as such, all humanity will become one Ummah; thereby overcoming all the differences (2:213). This is the very objective of Deen. » Quran Chapter 30 verse 31
Who are these people whom the Quran calls Mushrik; Accordingly, after becoming the upholders of the principle of Tauheed, you should remain extremely careful not to indulge in 'shirk'. You should not be amongst those who break the unity of their Deen and who instead of remaining one entity, get split into various sects. After people split into sects, every group thinks it is on the path of truth and is therefore content with its own way. Remember getting split into sects or factions amounts to shirk. Never fall prey to it. » Quran Chapter 30 verse 32
And after they become divided: Each sect is obsessed with its own view of it. Quran Chapter 30 verse 32
The Quran has openly declared that such people are absolutely cut off from Allah Almighty and His Messenger Muhammad peace be upon him; Deen is one way to be followed by a united Ummah. Those who create differences in the Deen and divide themselves into sects, Muhammad, you should have nothing to do with them. Their affairs will be decided according to the laws of Allah Almighty Who will make them realise what they had been doing. » Quran Chapter 6 verse 160
Brotherhood Amongst Believers - While dealing with such matters remember that, All Momineen are brethren and as such when making peace between them, consider both as your brothers. Your decision should be just and fair, according to the Divine Laws. In this way your Jamaat will continue receiving Allah Almighty Rahmat. » Quran Chapter 49 verse 10
To create difference amongst themselves on the basis of race, language and locality etc, is to go against the teachings of the Quran. The believers must avoid it and live with mutual love and cooperation. If dispute arises amongst two people, it is the duty of those around them to get their differences amicably settled: So make peace and reconciliation between your two (contending) brothers. Quran Chapter 49 verse 10
The process of reconciliation must be accomplished with justice. And if anybody disobeys the settlement reached on the basis of justice, he must be checked, even if it requires force to do so. HOW TO GET RID OF SECTARIANISM ? – Allah Almighty has ordained that the believers must follow the Quran only, leaving all the man-made ideas and false beliefs; O Jamaat-ul-Momineen, follow this Code of Law as it deserves to be followed throughout your life. This Code should be held fast by all of you together and be not divided into sects and parties. Remember Allah's Blessings to you in that when you were each other's enemy and He brought your hearts together and thus you became brothers; this strong brotherhood formed on the basis of an ideology was a great blessing, although before that you were on the brink of a pit of fire and He drew you back from it. In this way Allah Almighty makes His Directives clear so that you may take the right path. » Quran Chapter 3 verse 110
It means that you only follow that way life which Allah Almighty has laid down for you. You must test all your beliefs and laws on the basis of the Quran. All that is in consonance with the Quranic teachings is right and all that goes against it is wrong. You must call yourself a ‘Muslim' because that is the name prescribed for you by Allah Almighty: In other words continue striving for the establishment and sustenance of the Divine Order and make this struggle in right earnestness. It is He who has chosen you to carry out this mission; so do not ever think of it as some kind of hardship or labour imposed on you. (This actually is in your own interest - 2:288; and it will give you leadership over all nations - 2:143. This order is not a new one) This is the same order which was established by your own forefather Abraham. Even the name Muslim which is given to you is not a new one; in by gone times Allah Almighty had given this name to other similar communities. Now in the Quran, this very name is proposed for you. » Quran Chapter 22 verse 78
Islamic Social Order – The practical way of achieving Muslim Brotherhood is by establishing a social order in which the code of life is the Quran. In this social order the Millat shall chose its own representatives who in turn shall choose, the one who is the best among them, their ‘Ameer' or leader. The ‘Ameer' shall enforce the Quranic laws, injunctions and permanent values of the Quran; and also, at the same time, shall enforce bylaws in consonance with the existing circumstances, after mutual consultation. The rest of the ‘Millat; shall obey the laws enforced by the ‘Ameer'. That is what is called an Islamic Social Order. This social order shall be applicable to the entire Millat but a beginning can be made at the lower levels: for example in localities inside a city, gradually rising up to the level of the city and further rising from city level to State level. Such a social order shall enable the voice of each individual to be heard at the highest level; and at the same time shall allow the orders enforced by the highest authority, to reach individuals, at the laws level, who shall thus be bound down to the Quranic guidance.
No Party System – In this social order there shall be no parties. The whole Millat shall be a single party, one compact society with the Quran as their code of life. THE WORLD MUSLIMS – When this social order rises upto the entire Muslim Millat living in different parts of the world, then there shall be one center for the entire Muslim world, with one code of life. This is the social order ordained by the Quran for world Muslims and the same was put into practice by the Messenger Muhammad peace be upon him. To establish such a social order is termed as "obedience to Allah Almighty and His Rasool (P.B.U.H.)" and its organisation has been repeatedly stressed by the Quran. This is what is required to be done at present. There is no other way which can lead to one compact muslim Ummah.
Humanity As A Whole - The social order, described above shall embrace the entire Muslim world, Accordingly, every Muslim is a member of Ummah (the Muslim community of the world). For administrative purposes, however, the world Muslim community can be divided into sub-communities living in different parts of the world, but with one center and one code of life prescribed by the Quran. Thus the basis of an Islamic Social Order is obedience to the Quran and a practical shape shall be given to it by mutual consultation. That, in fact, is the aim of Hajj congregation, where Muslims from world over gather for mutual consultation to give a practical shape to their program. But it must be kept in mind that although this social order shall apply to the world. Muslims, its benefits shall be available to the humanity as a whole. It shall devise ways and means to fulfil the needs of all human beings, as well as to develop their potentialities. Thus it shall encircle the entire human world. That is how the Quran leads towards the formation of one world-community in which the development of all human beings shall be the responsibility of the Islamic Social Order. The Holy Quran stresses the point that such an organisation must come into existence. People of the world have begun to think in this direction and to feel the necessity of such an organisation. This, however, can come into being only on the basis of the Quran.